If you have never experienced a migraine consider yourself blessed. Countless people suffer from these very painful events throughout their lifetime. The severity can oftentimes be debilitating for the sufferer. Fortunately, there is good news. Although there is no “cure,” migraines can be treated to lessen the pain and frequency. Stop Migraines can help you move forward and break the recurring cycle of these attacks.

Different Types of Migraines

To make an informed choice regarding treatment, you must first understand what you’re dealing with. According to Migrainetrust.org, a website dedicated to supporting and promoting research of the condition, there are many types of migraines. Below is a list from the most common to the rarest forms.

  1. Migraine without Aura (Between 70-90% of people suffer from this type)

  2. Migraine with Aura

  3. Chronic Migraine

  4. Menstrual Migraine

  5. Vestibular Migraine

  6. Hemiplegic Migraine

  7. Migraine with Brainstem Aura

 The Four Stages

Studies show that there are four stages of a migraine. Not every person will go through them all. But, they are common enough with sufferers that categories have been made in order to facilitate research and medical courses of action.

  1. Prodrome: A day or two before the migraine emerges a person may notice slight changes in their body warning them of the impending event. This can include; changes in mood, cravings, stiff neck, constipation, increased thirst/urination and frequent or uncontrollable yawning.

  2. Aura: These are symptoms related to the nervous system. Some of these symptoms can occur before or during a migraine, starting slowly then gaining in severity over a period of time. Problems with vision such as; vision loss, blurred or flashing lights and seeing spots are common. Sensations in the arms and legs resembling pins and needles, weakness/numbness in the body or face, difficulty speaking, sporadic jerking movements that can’t be controlled, and hearing noises can all occur with this stage.

  3. The Attack: The length of time can vary that a person may suffer the symptoms of a migraine. Some, last for an hour or two, others can last for days. Most will experience severe throbbing pain in their head, the sensitivity of the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch), and even nausea or vomiting.

  4. Post-Drome: This is known as the aftermath of the event. The body is weak, exhausted and pain can come back in brief waves.

Treatment Options

According to The Migraine Research Foundation, researchers believe that these events involve brain chemicals and nerve pathways. It is also believed that there is a “strong genetic component” as well. Treating migraines can be a daunting task as the symptoms vary, so it is difficult to get a standardized method of treatment that fits each sufferer. What may work for some might not for others. And, what might have worked for a person with one attack, may not necessarily help with the next one.

There are two main ways to stop a migraine.

  1. Preventative: The goal is to reduce the amount of migraines a person suffers as well as preventing others from emerging.

  2. Acute: Trying to stop the event after it has begun and to lessen the pain while going through the process.

With preventative and acute strategies, one of four treatment methods can be implemented to maximize success and efficiency in controlling the symptoms. 

  1. Medical Treatment: These usually consist of prescription or over-the-counter drugs. For example; 5-HT1F drugs work directly on the pain pathways to stop the symptoms. CGRP Receptor Blockers block the molecule that is responsible for the dilation of the blood vessels during a migraine which is believed to cause the pain.

  2. Medical Devices: SPG stimulation is invasive implantation of a device into your cheekbone that stimulates nerve cells. The neuromodulation devices send an electric current to regulate the nervous system. They are non-invasive and are held or worn on the body like a headset or an armband.

  3. Injections: These can include botox, mild anesthetics, and steroids which lessens the pain signals sent through the body.

  4. Alternative Treatments: Typically non-drug, natural-based methods. These can include herbal remedies, lifestyle changes, and therapy choices that can prevent the triggers that cause the migraines or reduce the suffering once a migraine occurs.

Researchers have had a frustrating task in front of them throughout the years. Luckily, technological advances have shed a lot of light on the factors associated with migraines which have improved the way we can now treat them. Stop Migraines can assist you on your journey to end these painful attacks.